Wrong pace, all in vain! Disassemble 5 basic steps of learning badminton

Most amateur badminton players are not well trained. Not only are their skills not perfect, many of them can't even discern most basic steps, let alone use them skillfully. So we often see golfers on court with "chaotic steps and tired dogs." If we want to correct this situation, we must learn from most basic steps. Today we will break down and study five common basic steps: initial step, parallel step, cross step, pedal step and jump step.

starting step

Strictly speaking, starting step is not a step, but reaction of a neuron. For example, when you are suddenly frightened, your nerves suddenly tense up and your body immediately constricts. The starting step is reaction of nervous body shrinking after seeing opponent return, that is, it is better to prepare for next move. It is worth noting that: The starting step is only available when you are focusing on yourself and actively moving your body. If you relax your body and don't care about opponent's return, then there is no such subconscious movement.

The role of starting step: tense body to prepare for movement, at same time it can lower the center of gravity and change direction.

Chen Yufei lowered his center of gravity

Chen Long changed direction

The form of starting step mainly consists of spreading legs, jumping in place, etc., but regardless of form, it is a reminder to body to move into a state of movement from preparatory action. into a moving state, so we see that in professional competition in game, many players will jump before almost every step and use starting step all time. As shown below:


The parallel step can be said to be most commonly used footwork in motion, literally it can be interpreted as: stepping with back foot moving forward. Take right side camera as an example: step by step means moving left foot closer to right foot When left foot lands close to right foot, right foot continues to move forward, and left foot moves again closer to each other, as shown in figure below:< /p>

simultaneous web browsing


You can see that whether it's online or backtracking, you can choose to sync. During movement, knees are slightly bent to lower center of gravity slightly, which can make body more stable and also contributes to final shot; at same time, stand on tiptoe and touch ground with your toes to speed up movement.

Cross pitch

The parallel step mentioned above means that back foot comes together with front foot, and front foot drives back foot; while cross step is a cross step of legs, as in our everyday running, but since direction of movement on field is uncertain, cross steps are not easy to master, and beginners can stumble if they are not careful.

The cross step can be divided into forward cross step and backward cross step. Generally speaking, many people are willing to use rear cross-step method, which is comfortable for back foot to push off ground and is also comfortable for front foot. foot to have more opportunities to change direction when moving. As shown below:

Front Cross

Back cross

It can be seen that when crossing forward, movement of right leg is limited by left leg, and it is not easy to change direction; when crossing back, it is easier for right leg to change direction; at same time, when left leg is pushed off ground during cross back. With more power, you will move faster. But, as I said, rear cross is easy to trip over and should be used after mastering it.

Comparing parallel step and cross step, it can be found that cross step motion speed is relatively fast and parallel step motion frequency is high. In general, both paces work well on field and can be used in combination. In addition, editor's observation is that athletes with long legs are more likely to like crossed strides, while regular athletes use more parallel strides.


The step step is mainly used when ball hits net. Whether it is a parallel step or a cross step, last step in grid will be step step, which can not only speed up point of impact, but also make body more stable. There is stability on ground when hitting with hand. Thus, importance of stepping is obvious.

From literal meaning: kicking and stepping means pushing back foot to ground and stepping forward with front foot. As shown in picture below, after cross step, there is a step for surfing web:

This seemingly simple step is not easy to learn. You need to master following three basic elements:

1. Right foot (walking). When right foot lands, heel should touch ground first and toes should point in direction of incoming ball and point outward. The advantage of this is that right foot lands more firmly, making the whole body more stable. As shown below:

2. Left foot (ground takeoff). The pushing force of left foot is source of strength for step of right foot. The greater force of push, greater distance of step. Therefore, step is combined with cross step. Due to long stride distance, after right foot takes a step, left foot will slide forward with body, and inside of left foot will rub and slide on ground. As shown below:

3. Knee. Many golfers say that playing ball hurts our knees. In fact, amount of exercise we do is within body's tolerance. The cause of injury is associated with poor-quality movements and insufficient self-care. When walking, front leg is under enormous stress, and pressure on knee is very high, so pay attention to one point: The angle between thigh and calf should be more than 90 degrees. that is, knee does not go beyond toe.

If included angle is less than 90 degrees, impact force on knee will be greatly increased, resulting in great damage to cruciate ligament and soft tissues. Professional athletes rarely have this way of catching ball, amateur players should pay more attention to it to reduce injuries.

In addition to step in front of net, there is also a kind of step in back of court. The action is same as before grid, but direction is different, as shown in the figure below. :


A simple understanding of jump step is jump step, which has two forms of expression: jumping from front of net to catch ball and jumping from backcourt to hit ball.

When throwing ball in front of net, due to short time and rare opportunities, speed must be fast, body leans forward and jumps forward. The main action is to jump forward. When body leans forward, center of gravity is completely on right leg, and right leg is used to push forward to jump forward, as shown in figure below:

The advantage of jump is that it is fast and it only takes one step to hit ball. Whether it's a parallel step, a cross step, or a leg step, it's not as fast. This is advantage of jump step. . The same is true for jump shots in backcourt: you can quickly get right point of impact, be it a smash or a cross, that will give your opponent a certain amount of threat.

Back jump kicks are more common among male athletes. They use their arm strength to hit ball without turning their body, so speed of hit is high and point of impact is higher. If you move into position and then hit ball, point of impact is already very low and has no lethality. Jumping backwards requires a certain amount of leg strength and skill and is an advanced skill for amateurs. As shown below:

The above are 5 commonly used basic steps. In addition to jumping steps, which are a little more difficult, badminton players must master starting steps, parallel steps, cross steps, and foot steps. Only after learning these basic steps, then only by mastering combined use of different steps, you will be able to move orderly around field and avoid awkward situation when "the enemy walks you like a dog." I hope this article will be useful to you!

September 25, 2023