1. The concept of fast-break defensive tactics
Defensive fast break refers to defensive tactic of organizing a defensive formation at time of transition from attack to defense, actively preventing and destroying an enemy fast break. A fast break in defense should start with all-out offensive rebounds: after losing ball, first block first pass, intercept responders, interfere with retreat, trying to slow down opponent’s attack speed, disrupt attack rhythm and delay attack Attack time, take opportunity to organize defense of entire team in time . Now, as speed of basketball games increases, it becomes more and more important to strengthen understanding of transformation of offense and defense, strive to improve defensive skills and tactical qualities, and deeply study methods of defensive fast-break tactics.
Second, basic requirements for a defensive fast break
1. The whole team must maintain a balance of attack and defense. After attacking shot, someone must actively fight for rebounds, and someone must retreat quickly.
2. Actively block and destroy first pass reaction, capture enemy's normal response point, and intercept reaction team, intercept, interfere with, and delay enemy's advance speed.
3. Keep Active Combat in Mind When enemy forms a fast attack, he must retreat quickly and attack boldly in a timely manner and quickly, defending more with less to win balance of time and strength.
4. Change defensive tactics arbitrarily. Immediately after losing ball, use frontcourt pressing defense, retreat to backcourt and use half-court individual defense to make opponent uncomfortable and destroy his fast break.
Third, method of defending fast-break tactics
1. Increase your hit percentage and capture offensive rebounds
In modern basketball games, according to real fight statistics, probability of triggering a fast break after going from defense to offense and rebounding in backcourt is highest. An effective way to trigger a fast break.
2. Actively block first pass and response
Quickly transforming defensive moves into blocking and intercepting first pass and responding in time is key to a defensive fast break that can delay fast break time and buy time for team to fall back and organize whole team's defense. . Typically, when an opponent controls rebounds, throw-ins and interceptions in backcourt, methods such as close and active blocking and flanking are used.
3. Cut off point of contact
When an opponent uses a fixed response method, opponent's response point must be captured and link between responder and first pass must be broken in order to intervene and control intent and actionthe response of any opposing player, thereby destroying and delaying opponent's fast break. Launch and movement speed.
When transitioning from offense to defense, defenders should actively intercept midfielders to prevent attackers from getting directly into basket, actively use quick retreats, and chase fast players along touchline.
5. Improve your ability to prevent more with less
Improve ability of one defense, two defenses, two defenses and three defenses, focus on defending basket and buy time for teammates to return to defense. This requires improving personal protection capabilities and mutual protection capabilities between partners.
One defense and two defenses: When using one defense and two defenses, it is necessary to fully rely on offensive position of opponent, defend and retreat at same time, choose an advantageous defensive position and force players with poor dribbling to dribble, which leads to errors and prolonged attack time .
Two defenses and three defenses. There are three methods of combining two and three defenses in defensive fast-break tactics:
(1) Two people stand side by side for protection
This defensive formation can effectively prevent enemy from breaking through in middle, but travel distance is longer. ⑤Defending ②Dribbling breakthrough, ④Based on actions of ① and ③, follow passing of ball and actively protect players with ball.
(2) Two people overlap each other for protection
This defensive formation can effectively prevent enemy from breaking through in middle, but travel distance is longer. When ① dribbles forward in middle and ② and ③ move quickly along sideline, ④ goes forward to block center and ⑤ follows ② and ③ behind. When ① passes ball to ②, ⑤ immediately goes to defense ② and ④ steps back to control basket and count both ② and ③.
(3) Two people chop in defense
The characteristic of this defensive formation is that it can not only prevent breakouts in middle, but also shorten travel distance to fill positions. When ① and ② make a short pass, ④ first chooses a position on left to defend. When ② passes ball to ①, ④ immediately moves to intercept ①, and ⑤ chooses an advantageous position to defend ③ and ②.
Fourthly, practicing defensive fast-break tactics
1. Practical Steps
(1) Defensive fast-break drills should be combined with fast-break drills, usually after completion of fast-break training.
(2) The decomposition method should be adopted when learning to defend against a fast break, and one should practice fast break first pass interception and response, advancing defense and finishing. separately On basis of mastering techniques of each stage, general defense tactics will be worked out.
2. Practice Method
(1) Block first pass and response
Exercise 1. Triggering and responding to a three-on-three fast break with blocking
When ⑤ controls rebound, ⑤ swings forward to block first gear ⑤ and prevent it from breaking through. ③ and ② are both support players. Possibility to steal ball.
Requirements: After losing a ricochet, actively cling to an opponent and swing their arms to intercept first pass and return, destroying and interfering with his pass and break.
Drill 2. First wide pass and three-on-three response
⑤ When catching rebound, ⑤, which is closest to ⑤, immediately blocks first pass and intercepts dribbling breakthrough. At this time, ③ boldly throws ③, which falls quickly, and cooperates with ② to attack ②.
Requirements: When switching from offense to defense, you must flank nearby teammates, block first pass and respond, and delay fast attack time.
(2) At end of a fast break, defend more with less
Exercise 1: The whole court defends one against two
① and ② quickly pass ball to frontcourt, ① defend forward, ① and ② after shooting, ① pick up rebound and ② start a fast break, pass quickly and attack the opposite basket. Practice repeatedly.
Requirements: When defending first and second, aim for retreat and active movement, and always pay attention to occupying and adjusting advantageous defensive positions. Use feints strategically to get in way and make your opponent make mistakes.
Exercise 2. Two defenses and three defenses
①②③Three-man team passes ball forward, ①②defends at top of front arc, ③waits behind touchline when ①② intercepts or bats ball, ③immediately enters field and ①② initiates a fast break. Attack and defense alternate.
Requirements: In second defense and third time, we must strive for close cooperation with active retreat, both left and right, inward and outward, with a clear division of labor, and not allow enemy to easily cut into attack basket.
May 14, 2023