The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

The air volleyball setter plays an important role in game of air volleyball. A qualified air volleyball setter must not only have a high technical level, but also be well versed in tactics.

Therefore, when teaching air volleyball and teaching players, we must pay attention to developing tactical awareness of setter. With continuous development of air volleyball, development of tactical awareness of air volleyball setter has become main focus of air volleyball training.

We try to start with content of setter's tactical awareness in air volleyball, analyze role of setter's tactical awareness training and training, and put forward constructive suggestions on how to develop and train setter's tactical awareness in air volleyball. Suggestions to provide a helpful guide for air volleyball teaching in colleges and universities.

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

The concept and meaning of a binder's tactical awareness

Tactical awareness of setter refers to awareness of whether setter can judge game situation by accurately observing, selecting and using appropriate tactics in game of air volleyball.

In a nutshell, a setter's tactical awareness is sum of his ability to observe his surroundings, his ability to analyze game schedule, his ability to tactically judge, and many other psychological abilities.

In particular, installer's tactical awareness mainly includes following content:

(1) Correct foresight.

Competition in air volleyball is fierce and field is changing rapidly.

Each player must have a certain time limit to perform appropriate actions and techniques, which requires him to correctly anticipate game situation on field.

However, this is easier said than done. This requires setter to make all sorts of preparations before game, to be familiar with and aware of opponent's attacking methods.

Based on this, setter must also have a certain ability to adapt to situation, be able to accurately predict opponent's line of attack and style of play he will choose, and take preventive measures in advance to avoid being too passive in game.

(2) Take lead in attack and use tactics flexibly.

In air volleyball, passive defense is just a helpless move, and active attack is more significant.

Therefore, setter must determine which method of attack is more appropriate according to opponent's schedule and weakness, and actively use his advantages, use tactics flexibly, and strategically organize attack in order to gain initiative in game. and win game Ultimate Victory.

The setter's tactical awareness mainly consists of theoretical knowledge, competitive skills, psychological and physical qualities.

Among them, theoretical knowledge means that setter must fully understand tactical characteristics, rules of game and development of air volleyball, and improve their understanding of air volleyball knowledge in daily practice and training, and use various tactics and techniques flexibly. This is foundation to improve tactical awareness of setters and volleyball players.

The level of setter's passing skills determines formation of tactical consciousness. Only with excellent air volleyball skills can setter be calm and unhurried on field, accurately control rhythm of game, and flexibly apply various tactics.

Therefore, when teaching volleyball as a setter, we must pay attention to technical training.

The coach should focus on teaching basic skills, requiring players to have standardized action, honed skills, and be mindful of all types of passes and shots.

In addition to neonecessary theoretical knowledge and air volleyball skills, binder must also have good physical and psychological qualities.

Because competition on air volleyball field is tough, requires a lot of time and energy, it is a serious test for physical and psychological qualities of players.

Athletes only have good physical fitness, good thinking, judgment and adaptability, so they will not be affected by their tactics due to physical deterioration in high intensity competition.

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

The Role of Developing Setters' Tactical Awareness

In game of air volleyball, tactics and coordination are extremely important, almost every movement an athlete makes is a manifestation of tactical awareness.

It can be said that in a game, tactics determine direction of game situation, and tactical awareness determines whether a person can act exceptionally.

Developing tactical awareness can improve athletes' judgment, skill level, and adaptability on spot, which encourages athletes to make full use of their abilities and skillfully use their skills.

The setter is link between defense and offense in air volleyball. The ability and level of binder also depends on his tactical awareness, and training in tactical awareness is also particularly important.

The setter's tactical awareness is not only embodiment of individual abilities, but sum of physical and mental reflexes developed by setter in a prolonged game.

In game, tactical awareness of setter is mainly manifested in:

Predict direction and landing point of ball, and integrate and organize information obtained to make accurate judgments.

Based on good feeling and perception, speed up your reaction speed, quickly activate your tactical thinking ability, and participate better in game;

Pay attention to players in front of you and behind you, react quickly, choose best style of play, speed up pace of game and make passes more stealthy and deadly;

Quickly catch coach's intention, consciously organize an attack, etc.

Generally speaking, tactical awareness is more like advanced nervous system activity that can increase an athlete's intelligence and competitive ability.

However, it also needs to be developed during long training sessions and competitions.

Moreover, cultivation of tactical awareness cannot be divorced from reality, it must be based on theory, based on practice, and carried out in an orderly manner.

If setter does not have good tactical knowledge, he cannot be flexible and adaptable in game.

Therefore, when teaching air volleyball, teachers should consciously develop tactical awareness of setters, enrich their playing experience, develop their adaptability, make them more rigorous in thinking, higher in skill level, and stronger in tactical awareness.

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

Methods and tools for training and developing tactical awareness of binder

3.1 Strengthen physical fitness and lay a solid foundation

The body is driving force behind sport, and completion of any sporting action is result of muscle contraction and power control.

In case of equal technical levels, key to victory or defeat in air volleyball mainly depends on physical fitness.

If a setter needs to be good at tactics, physical fitness is his foundation.

Therefore, when teaching, teachers should consciously train and improve physical form of setter, and scientifically exercise muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility and body flexibility, and consciously improve setter's jumping ability and adaptability with double leg. jumping, negative bar, etc.

Setter fitness training does not require high-intensity exercise and mainly focuses on strength training of small muscle groups. The trainer may combine some play workouts with low-intensity, non-stop exercise to enhance enjoyment of workout. Effectively improve physical fitness of setter.

3.2 Scientific Psychological Training

Competitive sports make high demands on psychological qualities of athletes. Competitive sports training should not only take into account patterns of physical development of athletes, conduct effective physical training, but also follow laws of psychological activity of athletes, and help athletes eliminate psychological problems through targeted training to contribute to overall development of physical and mental qualities of athletes.

Common factors affecting psychological quality of athletes include psychological motivation disorder, emotional disorder, mental saturation disorder, mental activation disorder, and aggressive disorder.

Abnormal psychological obstacles will have an adverse effect on improvement of skills and qualities of athletes, so in training, coaches should help athletes overcome and eliminate these obstacles through psychological preparation.

The following methods of psychological preparation of binders are currently widely used:

To stimulate binder's sports interest and self-confidence through verbal motivation and praise;

Introducing mental training into skills training, such as skills training, teachers can improve psychological qualities of athletes through intention control, relaxation training, representational skills training, and attention training;

When targeting insurmountable psychological obstacles, provide psychological counseling and psychological intervention to achieveIzheniya of intended goal of psychological preparation; carry out psychological training in combination with errors, environment and other situations in real combat to improve ability of athletes to withstand interference. , ability to self-regulation and psychological stability.

3.3 Improve basic skills

The game of air volleyball is a sporting competition based on speed, strength, tactics and skill. Good skill is a fundamental guarantee of a tactical level.

Therefore, question of how to improve overall competitiveness of individual athletes and teams in a short period of time has also become an issue of great concern to coaches and teachers.

When teaching air volleyball and cultivating tactical awareness of setter, coaches should focus on basic skills such as tapping, serving, hitting, passing and blocking, scientifically organize training content and training time, and intelligently understand skills. ratio of training volume and load, repeated practice at key and difficult points of air volleyball training, as well as continuous improvement of basic technical level of setter through passing through wall, passing back and forth, training strength of wrist and hand, etc.

Because of this, it is necessary to introduce tactical awareness into skill training, to teach setters more knowledge about recognizing and applying false actions, and to use various defensive and offensive tactics for targeted training of setters. Offensive and defensive technique, ability to coordinate.

3.4 Improving tactical awareness through purely tactical training

Scientific and systematic tactical training is only way to improve competitive level of athletes.

If setter wants to fully and accurately master air volleyball tactics, he must establish correct technical concept and strive to master more practical tactics.

Air volleyball coaches must combine laws of air volleyball, study and summarize practical teaching and training methods, and conduct tactical training to improve tactical level of binder.

From a training point of view, main goal of tactical setter training is to:

The setter can organize various forms of attack on his field;

According to position of ball, organize an effective attack, for example, use second ball tactics to attack when ball is in first line;

Combined with reality, let installer know his role and work that needs to be done.

In tactical training in air volleyball, teacher must abandon idea of ​​quick success, draw up a training plan, clarify training goals, increase training density and load according tocompliance with rules of tactical training. , so that binder can avoid detours in improving tactics.

3.5 Conduct tactical training under real combat training conditions

The ultimate goal of competitive sports training is to win in real combat, and real combat is also an important way to test and improve skills of athletes.

Therefore, when teaching air volleyball, teachers can use learning games and adaptive games to test effectiveness of tactical training, check skill level of setters and improve their tactical awareness.

In this process, teacher should take various measures to improve setter's observation, analysis and judgment ability so that setter can improve understanding of position and rhythm in process of game coordination, active attack and position change.

In addition to learning advanced tactical techniques in real combat, setters must also reinforce professional theory and skill training in addition to real combat competition.

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

The method of education and training of tactical readiness of a setter in air volleyball

Summarizing, setter is leader and organizer of queuing team, and his technical level and tactical awareness will have a direct impact on game.

It is therefore especially important to improve tactical awareness of binder.

It also requires coaches to purposefully conduct various tactical drills in order to improve setter's tactical awareness and even combat effectiveness of entire team.

Original link "Methodology for educating and training tactical awareness of the setter in air volleyball"

October 14, 2023