The influence of psychological factors on technique of first pass in air volleyball

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

In air volleyball, sequence of technical links is usually a pass, a pass, and a spike.

Transmission is main guarantee of following two techniques. In today's air volleyball games, more and more teams are using serve as an entry point. They want to increase scoring by creating aggressiveness through serve. You can omit anti-reverse link and write directly.

High speed, big swing and big power are all characteristics of delivery. These characteristics correspondingly increase difficulty of receiving pass, and athletes receiving pass also exert a certain psychological pressure.

In air volleyball, first pass is basis of attacking tactics. Most tactical balls can only be organized effectively with a high quality first pass. If first pass is incorrect or inappropriate, it will result in loss of points directly or failing to complete expected tactical attack, quality of first pass is one of key factors in determining outcome of game. Sometimes gap between two teams and outcome of game is most likely speed of first pass and error to define.

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

Importance and help of first pass in air volleyball

(1) Importance of first pass in a game

As serving link continues to strengthen, first pass method also becomes especially important. The serve is first part of game. There are two main types of serve technique: jump serve and float serve.

The serving technique is not only to send ball over net, but to send ball quickly and powerfully, using all means to make it difficult for side receiving pass to play tactical balls smoothly, and to reduce pressure on their own defense, a good serve can even score directly, which puts psychological pressure on receiving side.

The first pass may seem invisible in game, but it's actually very important.

Due to increasingly fierce competition in game, technology of first pass is constantly being improved, as well as constantly being optimized and developed towards a technology that can better adapt to intensity and requirements of game. In this process, athletes also need to keep up with speed of technical optimization and customization. In technical genre, it is also important to find most suitable technical style of play.

(2) First pass help

In game, first pass is first hit of receiving side, and also first guarantee of quality of second pass and peak effect of attacker.

The first pass is basis of offensive tactics. Most tactical passes can only be effectively organized with a high quality first pass. The expected tactical attack and quality of first pass are among key factors that determine outcome of game. Improving quality of first pass is not only about improving technique of movement, but more importantly, improving feel of players on ball, game psychology of players and physical fitness of athlete. Although first pass is only one of techniques in air volleyball, most basic technique, sometimes gap and victory between two teams is probably determined by degree of success and errors of first pass.

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

Psychological state when air volleyball catches a pass

The continuous development and improvement of technique and tactics of air volleyball makes air volleyball more prominent in characteristics of competitive sports.

Athletes must not only have strong competitiveness in competitions, but also have psychological ability to withstand enormous pressure, including good psychological quality is an important guarantee for athletes to normal display their technical abilities. This is a very important training link for training mental qualities of athletes and strengthening their psychological stability and ability to withstand pressure during competition. Without a strong psychological quality, no matter how strong skills, no matter how good cooperation, it is difficult to compete on field. Play and achieve pre-set goals.

Psychological types of athletes are classified as follows:

(1) Stable Psychology

A stable mentality when receiving a pass can keep an athlete in a good and stable mood, and fully reflect skills accumulated in daily training, so that when receiving a pass, he can better overcome psychological factors and beat opponent's serve. up and reach a predetermined position so that setter can set up next attack and lay foundation for team's scoring.

The psychological outcome of a stable pass is this: adjust your mental state in time when you are ready to catch an opponent's serve, build up some self-confidence, shield yourself from unnecessary things, and mentally review a normal practice when receiving a pass Correct technical movement, meaning, that I can take first pass, reminding myself that opponent is going to serve me, as long as there is enough anticipation, first move foot and then perform a technical movement, finish ball to second pass, and task is completed. When receiving ball, it is clear that purpose of receiving pass is not to allow opponent to take advantage of serve. We must make it clear to opponent that no matter how well ball is served, we can get a tactical ball on spot. At this time, if ball is caught or even on spot, It will increase my self-confidence and put some pressure on opponent. Even if I make a mistake, I should hint that I have nothing to do with it. Just put next ball in place. I am not afraid of opponent serving and keep serving me. I can definitely catch him. An athlete with a stable mentality is most ideal psychological standard for an athlete for any sport.

(2) Unstable psychology

Unstable psychology when receiving a transmission will make athletes feel insecure or passive when receiving a transmission.

For exampleIn other words, when playing against a team of comparable strength or in critical games, key rounds and key balls, players with poor skill, movement and judgment are more obvious. Such players are afraid to catch a strong ball or spin ball during game, they have a poor ability to predict, they cannot accurately assess nature, speed and landing point of a falling ball, as a result of which they lack self-confidence, are afraid of making mistakes, and also are afraid to pull up their teammates and be blamed by teammates. Adverse psychological phenomena such as loss of face and impact on team performance due to improper performance of their own lead to emotional stress on field, rapid heartbeat, sweating, frequent urination, pale complexion, muscle stiffness and inactivity, etc., resulting in a transfer error or if it is not in place, team cannot conduct an effective organization and tactical offensive.

In this case, on one hand, there is a certain gap from opponent in terms of technique and physical fitness, due to which team loses points.

For example, when playing against a team that is stronger than themselves, players lack self-confidence and have too low expectations for results of game, so they are hesitant or unwilling to participate in game.

"No mood", "no state", "can't find feeling" is a very irresponsible behavior towards me, coaches and other team members.

The unstable psyche of receiving a pass manifests itself in form of: not fully prepared when receiving a pass, there is some kind of uncertain psychological suggestion, always suggesting other side not to send ball to you, so that when other side throws ball When sent to myself, I did not have time to react in time , which caused movement to be deformed. Paz, who could be picked up, suffered a heart attack and made a mistake.

When player receiving pass is in this state, frequency of passing errors after pass will increase greatly and it will become increasingly difficult to catch ball, which will affect him or even directly affect emotions of all players. Timing, key moments or decisive moments most often appear. Most often this is not because technique is not in place, but because psychological level has not been passed.

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

First pass factors in air volleyball

In air volleyball, quality of a player's pass and psychological activity that occurs during pass is related to level of skill. The more experienced players, more confident they will be when receiving ball. it is possible to fully display motor skills of receiving pass, and it will not change due to strength of opponent's serve. Therefore, in normal training, standardized movements of players receiving pass are first trained.

For example, when receiving a pass, center of gravity should be low in preparation pose, arms should hang naturally at waist, bend and knees, heels should not lift off ground, and foot should move slightly. The back is still left and right side. When touching ball, force is transferred from knee joint to waist after kick to ground. The waist force causes hand to hit ball to setter. From generalization to differentiation, rules are automated and movements are stereotyped. At this time, respectively confidence of athletes will increase, as well as quality of passing passes will improve. It is also possible to increase fitness of game during normal training process, divide players in group into two groups on average and compete with each other, improve psychological stability of players on field, ensure official game, they will not be nervous because of too few games, not can work properly.

(1) Subjective factors

Subjective factors affecting transmission quality are mainly related to following four aspects:

Firstly, in game, higher skill of receiving a pass, higher confidence of athletes. Judgment, speed of steps. Mastery of basic skills is primary guarantee of increasing speed of first pass, as well as motivation for stable technical results. This motivation encourages psychological factors of athletes' activity. Air volleyball is a scoring system for each ball. Passing one pass after another, you can immediately lose points . The influence of transmission machine is more obvious, and sometimes one mistake leads to constant errors;

Secondly, emotions of athletes change when they receive a pass. During game, score and state of players fluctuate. As a result, pressure of team weakens and mood decreases. Therefore, ups and downs of emotions of entire team will affect technical characteristics of players who pass, so we have to keep a good attitude before game;

Third, athletes' confidence when serving ball. No matter how good first pass technique is, athletes do not dare to boldly use their own skills. Self-doubt often leads to inappropriate first passes or even outright mistakes;

Fourthly, quality of will when receiving a pass. Sometimes, when meeting opponents with a similar technical level or with a close score, not only technical and tactical level is checked at this timeplayers, psychological qualities, physical endurance, but more importantly for athletes, have excellent willpower, and whoever can endure to end is winner.

(2) Objective factors

The objective factors that affect quality of passage are mainly related to following four aspects:

Firstly, applause of audience.

During an air volleyball match, spectators will cheer and cheer as players serve. Being disturbed by cheers of spectators, this kind of interference will cause athletes to become irritated, negative emotions, loss of concentration and leadership. to a pass error.

The number of spectators at home and away and even complaints from spectators will cause psychological fluctuations of athletes, requiring us to prepare and train before game;

Secondly, emotional changes of coaches.

During game of air volleyball, coaches can give advice outside court. When game goes badly, if coaches off court say negative words and deeds, and also if players on court pay too much. attention, this will also affect pass, as a result, players lose confidence.

Coaches are like parents, and athletes are like children. Only when parents have complete trust in their children can they have determination and willpower to deal with difficulties;

Third, impact of teammates' mistakes.

Consecutive errors by teammates result in a loss of points, which increases pressure on players who make next pass. recovery process, they must find opportunities to counter-attack opponent, because only way they can improve morale of team can only survive this round by receiving a pass and organizing a tactical ball well;

Fourthly, incorrect scores and missed decisions of referee.

The referee is referee of game. On field, he must treat every game honestly and fairly and evaluate every game. Some referees make mistakes or miss judgments in game and even deliberately favor other side, which causes negative emotions in players, leading to one pass after another.

To love air volleyball is an attitude to life!

Methods for removing psychological obstacles in receiving and sending a pass

(1) Decompression setting method Reduces stress and stimulates correct motivation to play.

Before game, coach should hold a warm-up meeting in order to calmly analyze strengths, advantages and disadvantages of two sides and some technical and tactical characteristics, reasonably build interaction between players and effective squad, mask their shortcomings as much as possible and tell players what important to them. Don't get too high hopes for results of competition, take it step by step, show your usual level of training and fully demonstrate your horizons.

(2) self-hypnosis relaxation method

Concentrate your attention and say to yourself: "I'm not nervous, I'm relaxed, every muscle is relaxed." error reduction.

(3) Breath adjustment method

When breathing slowly and deeply, inhale as much as possible without feeling discomfort so that air fills chest cavity, from diaphragm to throat, after inhaling, hold your breath slightly and let air completely exit chest. lungs while breathing Exhale through your mouth, and imagine that as you exhale, your tension disappears and psychological pressure slows down. Repeating this several times can relieve nervousness of players, thereby reducing occurrence of errors in first pass.

The better motor base of first pass and higher skill, stronger self-confidence and higher psychological qualities of athletes, and speed of first pass will increase accordingly. directly affect quality of next pass, whether you can overcome obstacles off court, is also a manifestation of whether your psychological qualities are good. The more focused and calm you are when receiving a pass, higher quality of pass.

(1) Strengthen single pass technique, standardize movements, and force athletes to form automatic movements in competition.

In air volleyball, main reason why first pass cannot be put in place on a technical level is because players receiving next pass have inaccurate ball prediction, slow movement speed, and unreasonable stroke movements. ball, which determines quality of first pass. An important reason is that it is not high, therefore, during normal training, special training should be carried out on first pass, work out forecasting, movement, movement norms, scope, separation and interaction of players passing in deuces and in one pass;

(2) In normal training, coaches can often simulate a scene where a score is close or a key score in a game.

In a game, psychological pressure is often greatest when passing one pass after another at a critical moment, so during normal training, simulation of scene can often be carried out so that players can adapt to psychological state of adversity. during game and find countermeasures, in a real game, you can avoid situation of losing points due to a pass at a critical moment;

(3) Participate in more competitions and train in competitions.

Use operational experience gained in various game situations to overcome and adapt to psychological interference caused by external factors and an increase in first pass error rate in game, in order to improve quality of next pass;

(4) When encountering difficulties after playing game again, adjust your breathing, consciously take a slow deep abdominal breath or perform a language suggestion, tell yourself that I can, even if I make a mistake, I can start from beginning Also , relaxation trainings are carried out during time-outs or breaks between games. Psychological and physical relaxation allows athletes to effectively perform technical actions when receiving a pass and overcome a tense state of mind.

Original link "Influence of psychological factors on first pass technique in air volleyball"

October 25, 2023